The Influence of Networking, Individual Effort, and Time Management on Research Performance of Academics at Malaysian Research Universities

Siti Zainab Tauhed, Roziah Mohd. Rasdi, Rahinah Ibrahim, Bahaman Abu Samah


This study examined the personal resources that influence research performance of academics at the Malaysian Research Universities (MRUs). This study adopted a correlational design and proportionate stratified random sampling was used to select 377 samples of academics at MRUs. Questionnaire survey was employed and the descriptive statistics and multiple regressions were used to analyse the data. The results show that individual efforts significantly influence research performance. This study is important for the university’s management and Human Resource Development practitioners to identify factors, and outline efficient strategies and interventions to enhance academics’ research performance.


Research Performance, Networking, Individual Effort, and Time Management

Full Text:



Ahmad, A. R., Farley, A., & Soon, & N. K. (2014). Impact of the government funding reforms on the teaching and learning of malaysian public universities. Asian Social Science, 10(14), 13–22.

Bazeley, P. (2010). Conceptualising research performance. Studies in Higher Education, 35(8), 889–903.

Bosquet, C., & Combes, P. P. (2013). Are academics who publish more also more cited? Individual determinants of publication and citation records. Scientometrics, 97(3), 831–857.

Hu, Q., & Gill, T. G. (2000). Is faculty research productivity: influential factors and implications. Information Resources Management Journal, 13(2), 15–25.

Kooij, D. M., Tims, M., & Akkermans, J. (2016). The influence of future time perspective on work engagement and job performance: The role of job crafting. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, (August), 1–12.

Dundar, H., & Lewis, D. R. (1998). Determinants of research productivity in Higher Education. Research in Higher Education, 43(3), 309–329.

Li, B., Millwater, J., & Hudson, P. (2008). Building research capacity: Changing roles of universities and academics. In Australian Association of Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2008.

Ministry of Education Malaysia (2015). Executive Summary Malaysia Education Blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher Education).

Basarudin, N. A., Yeon, A. L., Yaacob, N., & Rahman, R. A. (2016). Faculty workload and employment benefits in public universities. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(S7), 73–82.

Ministry of Education Malaysia. (2015). Malaysia Education Blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher Education): Good Governance & Transformation (Vol. 2025).

The Star Online, Jan 9th 2017

Winefield, A. H and Jarrett, R. (2001). Occupational stress in university staff. International Journal of Stress Management, Vol. 8, No. 4, 285–299.

Idris, M. K. (2011). Over time effects of role stress on psychological strain among malaysian public university academics. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(9), 154–161.

Bakker, A. B., Boyd, C. M., Dollard, M., Gillespie, N., Winefield, A. H., & Stough, C. (2010). The role of personality in the job demands-resources model: A study of Australian academic staff. Career Development International, 15(7), 622–636.

Noor, A., & Ismail, N. H. (2016). Occupational stress and its associated factors among academician in a research university, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 16(1), 81–91.

Bentley, P. J. (2015). Academic work from a comparative perspective. University of Twente.

Bland, C. J., Center, B. A., Finstad, D. A., Risbey, K. R., & Staples, J. G. (2005). A theoretical, practical, predictive model of faculty and department research. Academic Medicine, 80(3), 225–237.

Ahmad, A. R., Farley, A., & Naidoo, M. (2012). An examination of the implementation federal government strategic plans in malaysian public universities. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(15), 290–301.

Schaufeli, B. W., & Bakker, B. A. (2004). Job demands and job resources and their relationship with burnout and engagement: a multiple-sample study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 315(October 2002), 293–315.

Rich, B. L., Lepine, J. A., & Crawford, E. R. (2010). Job engagement: antecedents and effects on job performance. Academy of Management Journal, 53(3), 617–635.

Bakker, A. B., Schaufeli, W. B., Leiter, M. P., & Taris, T. W. (2008). Work engagement: An emerging concept in occupational health psychology. Work & Stress, 22(3), 187–200.

Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2014). Job demands-resources theory. in P. Y. Chen & C. L. Cooper (Ed.), work and wellbeing, 3, pp. 37–64. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Bakker, A. B., & Demerouti, E. (2007). The job demands resources model: State of the art. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(3), 309–328.

Schaufeli, W. B., & Taris, T. W. (2014). A critical review of the job demands-resources model: implications for improving work and health. In G. F. Bauer & O. Hämmig (Eds.), Bridging Occupational, Organizational and Public Health: A Transdisciplinary Approach (pp. 43–68). Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014.

Creswell, J. W. (1985). Faculty research performance: lessons from the sciences and the social sciences. Association Fcr the Study of Higher Education, 4, 92

Hedjazi, Y., & Behravan, J. (2011). Study of factors influencing research productivity of agriculture faculty members in Iran. Higher Education, 62(5), 635–647.

Alessandri, G., Borgogni, L., & Truxillo, D. M. (2014). Tracking job performance trajectories over time: A six-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(4), 560–577.

Motowidlo, S. J., & Van Scotter, J. R. (1994). Evidence that task performance should be distinguished from contextual performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), 475–480.

Aguinis, H., & O’Boyle, E. (2014). Star performers in twenty-first century organizations. Personnel Psychology, 67(2), 313–350.

Whiting, V. R., & Janasz, S. C. de. (2004). Mentoring in the 21st Century: Using the internet to build skills and networks. Journal of Management Education, 28(3), 275–293.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The ‘ What ’ and ‘ Why ’ of goal pursuits : Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227–268.

Hart, P. M., Caballero, C. L., & Cooper, W. (2010). Understanding engagement : Its structure , antecedents and consequences. In International Academy of Management and Business Summer Conference (pp. 1–11).

Rasdi, R. M., Ismail, M., Uli, J., & Noah, S. M. (2009). Towards developing a theoretical framework for measuring public sector managers’ career success. Journal of European Industrial Training, 33(3), 232–254.

Dubbelt, L., Rispens, S., & Demerouti, E. (2016). Work engagement and research output among female and male scientists: a diary study. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 15(2), 55–65.

Fang, R., Landis, B., Zhang, Z., Anderson, M. H., Shaw, J. D., & Kilduff, M. (2015). Integrating personality and social networks: A meta-analysis of personality, network position, and work outcomes in organizations. Organization Science, (April), 1243–1260.

Harris, G., & Kaine, G. (1994). The determinants of research performance: A study of Australian University Economists. Higher Education, 27(2), 191–201.

Claessens, B. J., Eerde, W. V., & Rutte, C. G. (2007). A review of the time management literature. Personnel Review, 36(2), 255–276.

Peeters, M. a G., & Rutte, C. G. (2005). Time management behavior as a moderator for the job demand-control interaction. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10(1), 64–75.

Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K., & Cheung, D. (1996). Time management and achievement striving interact to predict car sales performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(6), 821–826.

Fox, M. F. (1983). Publication productivity among scientist: A critical review. Social Studies of Science, 13, 285–305.

Blackburn, R. T., Bieber, J. P., Lawrence, J. H., & Trautvetter, L. (1991). Faculty at work : Focus on research , scholarship , and service. Research in Higher Education, 32(4), 385–413.

Brown, S. P., & Leigh, T. W. (1996). A new look at psychological climate and its relationship to job involvement, effort, and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 358–368.

Krishnan, C. B., & Boles, J. (2002). Self-Efficacy, competitiveness, and effort as antecedents of salesperson performance. The Journal of Personal Sellling and Sales Management, 22(4), 285–295

Jung, J. (2012). Faculty research productivity in Hong Kong across academic discipline. Higher Education Studies, 2(4), 1–13.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.

Edgar, F., & Geare, A. (2013). Factors influencing university research performance. Studies in Higher Education, 38(5), 774–792.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Revista Publicando.

Licencia de Creative Commons


This Content is available under licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.