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Psychological Reactions among First-Year University Students: A Moderating Effect of Social Support

Mohd Zulkifli Abdullah, Abdul Kadir Othman, Muhamaad Iskandar Hamzah


University students are influenced continuously by multiple stressors from different aspects of their lives and society. Life and academic stress often generate difficulties and impact on university students' psychological reactions. The present study aimed to examine the moderating effect of social support on the relationship between perceived competence, self-determination, and learning environment on the psychological reactions (intrinsic motivation and stress) among first-year university students. Analyzing a total of 863 responses collected from the respective respondents, the findings indicate that all predictors associate with intrinsic motivation and stress. Besides, the results also reveal that social support is not a moderating variable for the relationship between the independent variables (perceived competence, learning environment, and self-determination) and intrinsic motivation and stress. The implications of the study are further discussed in the paper.


Psychological Reactions, Perceived Competence, Self-Determination, Learning Environment, Social Support

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