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A Novel Technique for Multiple Microgrids Planning by Considering Demand Response Programming and Social Welfare Enhancement in Power Market

Ali Menshari, Gholamreza Salehi, Mohammad Ghiamy


This paper presents a novel approach for planning and operating of multiple Micro-grids in restructured power systems environment and electricity market. Power quality indicators, voltage profiles, and power losses are considered as effective parameters for supplying the network active and reactive powers. Also, the necessary financial incentives are introduced in this paper from the economic point of view for these resources, and demand response programs are also used. in which variables are programmable distributed generators and interruptible loads based on demand response programs. In the proposed model, the operator implements a market with the locational pricing and considering the power losses based on domestic market implementation and upstream market modeling in the role of a dual player. In this way, active and reactive power markets will implement simultaneously in order to maximize social welfare. Subsequently, the Beta and Weibull Probability Density Function (PDF) methods are used for modeling the uncertainties in power generation. Also, the Locational Marginal Pricing method (LMP) is used to determine the prices in the system and the intelligent GA-PSO hybrid algorithm is used for optimization of this problem. Finally, the results are compared with the results obtained from other algorithms.


multiple microgrids; load response; reactive power market; renewable distributed generation resources; GA-PSO algorithm

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