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The role of political parties in transferring power from Qajar to Pahlavi

Sirous Mohebi, Farhad Jamshidian

Abstract


The present article examines the role of political parties in transferring power from Qajar to Pahlavi. The main question of this article is that what was the role of political parties in transferring power from Qajar to Pahlavi?  In response to this hypothesis political parties, especially in the fifth parliament, have played a major role in transferring power from Qajar to Pahlavi. The parliament played an unparalleled role in the reform process of Reza Khan . The parliament was the site of the day of the country, and were legal activities of the political and intellectual currents. The relations and interactions of these forces, in particular, formed political parties and political organizations that were first reflected in the parliament and eventually reflected outside it, directly or indirectly, on the fate of Reza Khan as the main actor in the political scene of Iran. Reza Khan also stepped up the steps in setting up relations with political factions and influencing their behavior and performance. Obviously, the parliament and political factions within it enjoyed a dominant and dominant role in this cycle. It can be said that the reign of Reza Khan did not come solely through violence, military force, assassinations and military conspiracies, but it was made through an open coalition with various groups inside and outside the fourth and fifth congresses. These forces were: The conservative reformist party, the reformist reformist party, the radical socialist party and the revolutionaries of the communist sect. The fifth parliament, which opened in 1303, was the second pillar of Reza Khan's reach. The type of research methodology will be descriptive-analytic.


Keywords


Political parties, Qajar, Pahlavi, Reza Khan

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