Self-preserving behaviour of Russian people: factors and dispositions

Inna S. Shapovalova, Svetlana A. Vangorodskay, Andrey P. Peresypkin, Vladimir M. Gerashchenko, Irina A. Shumakova

Abstract


The article deals with the analysis of the increasing importance and timeliness of proactive behaviour of Russians for the purpose of preserving health. The self-preserving behaviour is shown to be a means to solve demographic problems and at the same time to improve the standard of living. The findings are supported with a survey (opinion poll) analysis, which reveals the people’s attitudes and dispositions pertaining to health, and to identify factors which influence the patterns of self-preserving behaviour in Russians. The research enables to conclude that contemporary behaviour, which actually results in deterioration of health and reducing life expectancy, contradicts the existing health preserving attitudes and the intention to prolong the productive period of life. As the majority of people do believe that health condition depends on a number of dominant factors (including the ecological situation, hereditary diseases, quality of healthcare services), they tend to underestimate the significance of personal responsibility for preserving and improving of health.  In the situation, all the persons concerned should take effort to eliminate the above contradiction and to shape behaviour patterns that would trigger a more proactive behaviour of people in implementing the self-preserving attitudes.


Keywords


health, preserving of health, lifestyle, self-preserving behaviour, self-regulation, standard of living

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