Factors Influencing the Intention of Behavior the Use of Pesticides among Farmers in Mazandaran Province: An application of the theory of planned behavior

Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi, Behnam Amiri Besheli, Tahere Dehdari, Jamshid Yazdani Cherati, Fatemeh Khalili, Amir Hossein Toorani

Abstract


Introduction:consumption of pesticides in agriculture sector, particularly for protecting crops, is being extensively increased all around the world. Indiscriminate use of pesticidesby farmers is associated with various factors. On this basis, the present study is aimed to investigate Factors Influencing the Intention of Behavior the use of Pesticides among Farmers based on a behavioral theory. Methods: In 2017, 300 farmers from Mazandaran Province participated in a cross-sectional study using random sampling. the data collection tool was a questionnaire designed by exploring the relevant scientific literature, which was composed of parts such as: demographic information and agricultural characteristics knowledge about the use of pesticides and the TPB constructs (including attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention. data collection was completed and they were analyzed using statistical methodsincluding descriptive statistics, correlation test, Independent-samples t-test, ANOVA (analysis of variance) and multiple linear regression. Results:In the present study, the mean age of the participants was 47 years old with the standard deviation of 11.29. Besides, their farming background was 25 years with the standard deviation of 13.78.  The "being trained by an organization or institution" variable demonstrated a statistically significant relationship with the TPB constructs. (P<0.05). Furthermore, the TPB constructs along with the knowledge variable could predict 31% of variance in the pesticide use behavior intention among the farmers.Conclusion:With accurate identification and theories based on various factors related to the Intention of Behavioral Consumption of Pesticides by farmers such as: the TPB constructs in predicting the optimal use of pesticides can be taken as an effective step to promote intervention programs in this field.


Keywords


Behavioral intention, pesticide, theory of planned behavior (TPB), farmers

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